Learn how to make soap at Home: many different ways from Hot and Cold Processes to Colonial to Modern.
How to make soap at Home
Hey Guys Now start to learn how to make soap at home, Being able to make soap at home goes back Century”s. Imagine being one of the early pioneers of our Country. Products and services that are readily available today, were not then. If you wanted vegetables, you grew them. If you wanted firewood you chopped it, and if you desired a decent bath you needed soap. Our early settlers did not buy soap, they Made soap.
The first decision one has to make is what kind of soap would you like to make, and are you willing to put in the time to Make Homemade Soap There are Glycerin Soaps and Organic Soaps just to name a couple. People have figured out ways to make soap at home out of many different kinds of Plant and Animal Fats. Some are made with a cold process while others are made with heat. Some use Lye, which is very caustic and others do not. Fragrances are commonly used in some batches, but not all.
The process of Making soap at a time when everything we use in our day to day lives can be easily bought in a store is very gratifying. I like to think the business of making soap as kind of a Lost Art, that isn’t lost just yet. Which ever way you decide to go, the event should be memorable. Had it not been for the innovation of Soap, I’m sure the spread of disease in Europe and then the rest of the World would have been much greater.
On a lighter note, the soaps of old will contain about 25% Glycerin, which is much easier on the skin. Most of the store bought soaps are petrochemical based. As a rule these soaps are much harsher on the skin. Knowing how to make soap is a skill that could very easily come in handy in the decades to come. Who knows when the day might come when it wont be as easy as driving to the store, to buy what we need, we might have to make our own.
here are only two ingredients required to make soap, yet soap making can be a very time consuming and difficult project. In the old days, soap was made a couple of times per year, sometimes once a year. One of the reasons for not making soap more often was because it was a long-drawn out process.
The two items necessary to soap making are fat and lye. Any type of fat will work but it must be cleaned by a process known as rendering. The fat is placed in a large pot and allowed to melt. Any meat, gristle or hair will sink to the bottom as the temperature rises. The liquid fat is carefully ladled off and stored. If the fat you were using was from a pig those deep fried pieces of skin would be called crackling’s and were considered by many to be a delicacy.
The second item needed in soap making is lye. In the early 1900’s lye, in a dry form, could be found in almost every general store in America. Today it is not so easy to find. However, lye made from wood ash is called potash and can be made easily at home.
Friends Here are 8 easy steps which help you in learning how to make soap:
Handmade Soap Making Step- 1
You will need two containers; one large one and a smaller one…the larger the better for the bigger one. A 55-gallon plastic barrel or drum is best for the larger container and a drywall bucket is large enough for the smaller one.
Handmade Soap Making Step- 2
The larger container needs to be placed on a stable platform higher than the smaller one is tall. Gravity will do the most of the work. Into the large bucket you will place a layer of packed straw. You will then add ash from a wood fire. The ash from fruit trees and hardwoods will produce the strongest potash. Some of the old time soap makers would use only one type of ash. They learned that certain species of wood produced the strongest potash. The stronger the potash the better the soap will be.
Handmade Soap Making Step- 1
About a gallon of water is then added to the large container. A small hole is put in the bottom of the bucket and the smaller bucket placed underneath. Some people allow the water to sit in the larger bucket before it’s drained off. A cork or stopper may be placed in the hole. Add a small amount of water daily until you have a working potash barrel. About a half a gallon will do. As the water drips down through the ash and straw it leaches out the alkaline chemicals in the ash. That is what potash is: a basic acid.
Handmade Soap Making Step- 4
Acid when combined with fat produces soap. It’s a basic chemical reaction. The problem with making soap is the unpredictable strength of the potash. Potash suitable for soap making should be able to float a raw egg so that only a portion of the shell about the size of quarter should show above the liquid. If the potash does not float the egg it is poured back into the large container and allowed to drip through again. It takes up to a week or more to get a gallon of potash. Ashes are continually added to the larger container. Eventually the large container will need to be emptied and new straw and ashes added.
Handmade Soap Making Step- 5
Once you have potash strong enough to float an egg you are ready to begin the time consuming job of boiling the potash and fat together until it reacts sufficiently to make soap. Determining how much fat to add to potash is the difficult part. Too much potash and you will be stirring the mixture over a hot fire or stove for many hours, too little and you will end up with useless fat. It is better to have too much potash than too little. The most commonly used ratio is 1:1. Equal amounts of both fat and strong potash.
Handmade Soap Making Step- 6
The soap that you are used to seeing is not what this process will produce. Until salt became an inexpensive item all homemade soap was the consistency of jelly. Homemade soap of bygone eras was like today’s shower gel. To make soap hard salt must be added at the end of the process. The addition of salt allows the soap to set.
Handmade Soap Making Step- 7
If you add salt to your soap mixture you will need to place it in a pan, box or mold to harden. If you do not add salt you can use any container to hold your soap. Just remember that it’s easier to dip the liquid soap than to pour so choose a container with a large top opening.
Handmade Soap Making Step- 8
Ground herbs, nut hulls, scented oils and colorings can be added once the process is complete but before you pour the soap into your containers. Hardened soaps are usually allowed to cure for a couple of weeks. Once cured the new soaps are cut and ready for use.
I hope you liked the post “How to Make Soap at Home Easily. Homemade Soap Making for Beginners” Please share your views in comment section. 😊